Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Koren, Gideon Motherisk Program and Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Nulman, Irena Motherisk Program and Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Mottet, N. Karle University Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:September 2019
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A range of effects, including physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities, that can occur in the offspring of women who consume alcoholic beverages during pregnancy. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder encompasses several conditions. These conditions constitute a spectrum of changes that can occur in an individual with prenatal alcohol exposure. Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most severe type of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, and is characterized by abnormal facial features (see illustration) and growth and central nervous system problems. In the most serious cases, significant intellectual disability may occur. See also: Alcohol; Alcoholism; Behavioral toxicology; Intellectual disability; Pregnancy disorders
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