Dresden, Max Formerly, Institute for Theoretical Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York.
Last reviewed:June 2020
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The statistical description of particles or systems of particles that satisfy the Pauli exclusion principle. This description was first given by E. Fermi, who applied the Pauli exclusion principle to the translational energy levels of a system of electrons. It was later shown by P. A. M. Dirac that this form of statistics is also obtained when the total wave function of the system is antisymmetrical. See also: Exclusion principle; Nonrelativistic quantum theory
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