False-belief reasoning and bilingualism
Rubio-Fernández, Paula Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
Glucksberg, Sam Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
- False-belief tasks
- An eye-tracking study on false-belief reasoning in bilingual adults
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Like many life experiences, bilingualism (the ability to speak two languages with equal or nearly equal fluency) affects cognitive development. On the one hand, bilingual children have a smaller vocabulary in each language than their monolingual peers do, and bilingual adults underperform in word-retrieval tasks relative to monolinguals, partly because of the interference of the other language. On the other hand, bilingual language production requires constant monitoring of the target language in order to minimize interference from the competing language. This requires the exercise of executive control, which has been found to strengthen the executive control system of bilinguals.
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