Exotic viral diseases
Murphy, Frederick A. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tucker, Georgia.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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Viral diseases that occur only rarely in human populations of economically developed countries. Many exotic viral diseases (see illustration) cause significant human morbidity and mortality in less economically developed areas. Moreover, these diseases have the proven capacity to be transported to population centers in more economically developed countries and to cause explosive outbreaks or epidemics. Most of the exotic viruses are zoonotic; that is, they are transmitted to humans from an ongoing life cycle in animals or arthropods. A notable exception is smallpox. See also: Animal virus; Epidemic; Virus; Virus classification; Zoonoses
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