Cronquist, Arthur New York Botanical Garden, New York, New York.
Barkley, Theodore M. Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
Last reviewed:January 2021
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A former order of rosid flowering plants, division Magnoliophyta (Angiospermae), in the class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons). The order Euphorbiales consisted of the large family Euphorbiaceae (with about 7500 species) and 3 small satellite families (with fewer than 100 species among them). Modern-day classification systems no longer recognize the order. Instead, the plants formerly belonging to the order Euphorbiales have been assigned to the order Malpighiales. Euphorbiads include a group of few-ovulate, mostly simple-leaved plants in which the flowers have become unisexual and then undergone further reduction accompanied by aggregation. The trend toward reduction and aggregation culminates in the very large genus Euphorbia, with approximately 2000 species, in which the pseudanthium has a pistillate flower consisting of a naked, tricarpellate pistil surrounded by several staminate flowers (each of which consists of a single stamen). The illusion that this cluster constitutes a single flower is fostered also by the cup-shaped involucre, which often bears showy, petallike appendages. The Christmas poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) and the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) are well-known euphorbiads. Many African euphorbiads are spiny stem-succulents that resemble cacti in habit. Aside from the pronounced floral differences, euphorbiads have a milky juice, which cacti do not. See also: Cactus; Magnoliopsida; Malpighiales; Plant kingdom; Rosidae
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information