Barnes, Robert K. Research and Development Department, Chemicals and Plastics Operations Division, Union Carbide Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia.
Yang, Shang Fa Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis, California.
- Function as plant hormone
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A colorless gas, formula CH2CH2, with a boiling point of −103.8°C (−155°F) and a melting point of −169.4°C (−273°F). Ethylene is the most important synthetic organic chemical in terms of volume, sales value, and number of derivatives. About half of the ethylene produced is used in the manufacture of polyethylene; ethylene dichloride and vinyl chloride production uses about 20%, synthesis of ethylene oxide and derivatives account for about 12%, and styrene production consumes about 8% of the ethylene. Other important derivatives are ethanol, vinyl acetate, and acetaldehyde.
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