Moseley, Steve L. Department of Microbiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:March 2020
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- Escherichia coli
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A genus of facultatively anaerobic bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Escherichia bacteria are named for Theodor Escherich, an Austrian pediatrician and bacteriologist, who first described these organisms in 1885. There are five or six species that presently make up this genus. By far, the most important is E. coli (see illustration), and it is among the most extensively scientifically characterized living organisms. See also: Bacteria; Escherichia coli outbreaks
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