Blatt, Harvey Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel.
Last reviewed:July 2021
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- Earthquakes and Volcanoes
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The branch of geology that deals with the ways in which geology affects people. Examples of the effect of geology on human civilizations include (1) how fertile soils develop from rocks and how these soils can become polluted by human activities; (2) how rocks and soils move down-slope to destroy roads, houses, and other human constructions; (3) how sources of surface and subsurface water become polluted; (4) why floods occur where they do and how human activities affect floods; (5) why earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur where they do and what dangers they pose (see illustration); (6) where mineral resources such as copper, oil and gas, and uranium are located, and how mining these resources can pollute the environment; (7) how human activities can pollute the atmosphere and cause global warming, sea-level rise, and ozone depletion.
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