Melnick, Joseph L. Department of Virology and Epidemiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:April 2020
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A genus of the viral family Picornaviridae. Members of the genus Enterovirus, that is, enteroviruses, include the polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and rhinoviruses. They are small (17–28 nanometers in diameter), contain ribonucleic acid (RNA), and are resistant to ether. Most enteroviruses multiply chiefly in the alimentary tract and are stable under acid conditions (pH 3–5) for 1–3 h. Rhinoviruses, though, are isolated from the nose and throat rather than from the enteric tract. In general, enteroviruses are protected by magnesium chloride against inactivation by heat. Many enteroviruses can be grown in cell cultures of monkey origin, as well as in human cells. However, certain coxsackieviruses will not grow in cultures; they are usually studied by infecting newborn mice. Those strains that can be grown in tissue cultures usually grow best if the cultures are kept stationary and incubated at 37°C (98.6°F). See also: Coxsackievirus; Echovirus; Picornaviridae; Ribonucleic acid (RNA); Tissue culture; Virus; Virus classification
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information