Enterovirus D68 epidemic
Shors, Teri Department of Biology and Microbiology, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
- What do enterovirus D68 and poliovirus have in common?
- Epidemiology of the 2014 enterovirus D68 outbreak
- Future outlook
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
During the summer and fall months of every year, common infections that are caused by enteroviruses occur in children. The prefix entero comes from the Latin word meaning intestine. There are more than 100 different types of enteroviruses; all of them replicate in the intestines, and the great majority of them usually produce only mild, transient illness. Poliovirus is the most notorious enterovirus and has caused major epidemics in the United States (in particular, during the summer of 1916 and various summers during the 1950s) and throughout the world. Poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio) was a public-health concern because poliovirus infections crippled thousands of once-active, healthy children (Fig. 1). However, after the development and administration of poliovirus vaccines in the late 1950s, the fears of parents dissipated.
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