Endocrine system (invertebrate)
Laufer, Hans Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
Fingerman, Milton Department of Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Last reviewed:December 2019
- Endocrine disruption
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The chemical integrating system in animals that lack a vertebral (spinal) column. An endocrine system consists of those glandular cells, tissues and organs whose products (hormones) supplement the rapid, short-term coordinating functions of the nervous system. Some evidence, although not always direct, has been reported for hormones in a wide variety of invertebrates. Almost all of the information, however, pertains to the more highly evolved groups that will be discussed below—the annelids; mollusks; and most particularly two classes of arthropods, the insects and crustaceans. Several of the hormones in invertebrates are neurohormones, that is, they are produced by nerve cells. As is observed in the vertebrates, a wide variety of functions are regulated by hormones in the invertebrates. See also: Endocrine mechanisms; Endocrine system (vertebrate); Endocrinology; Hormone; Nervous system (invertebrate); Neurosecretion
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information