Crum, Howard Formerly, Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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An order of the true mosses (subclass Bryidae) that grow in dull, dark tufts on soil or soil-covered rock, generally in calcareous areas. The Encalyptales consist of a single family and two genera, the better known being Encalypta, the extinguisher moss, so called because of its long calyptra of candle-snuffer form. The leaves resemble some of the Pottiales in shape and papillosity, but the ladderlike thickenings of the basal cells and the peristome characters indicate a fairly distant relationship.
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