Cronquist, Arthur New York Botanical Garden, New York, New York.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Life cycle
- Reproductive structures
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
One of the two plant subkingdoms, with the other being the Thallobionta. The Embryobionta (often also called Embryophyta) form a well-marked group with many morphological, anatomical, and physiological features in common, and taxonomists are agreed that the Embryobionta as a group are derived from the division Chlorophyta (green algae) in the subkingdom Thallobionta. The Embryobionta are here considered to include eight divisions, the Rhyniophyta, Bryophyta, Psilotophyta, Lycophyta, Sphenophyta, Polypodiophyta, Pinophyta, and Magnoliophyta. The Rhyniophyta are represented only by Paleozoic fossils, but the other seven divisions have both modern and fossil representatives. See also: Chlorophycota; Plant evolution
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