Curtin, Charles B. Department of Biology, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska.
Last reviewed:January 2021
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The common name for three living species of mammals in the family Elephantidae (order Proboscidea). Elephants are extant members of the mammalian family Elephantidae, which is one of several families included in the order Proboscidea. The remaining families contain extinct animals, such as the mammoth. Two of the living species [Loxodonta africana, the African bush elephant (see illustration); and L. cyclotis, the African forest elephant] are indigenous to Africa, whereas the other (Elephas maximus, the Indian elephant) ranges throughout Southeast Asia. See also: Elephant phylogeny; Mammalia; Proboscidea
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