Krol, Edward Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Early systems
- Impact of personal computers
- Message identification and routing
- Multimedia transmission
- Integration of messaging technologies
- Infringement by other technologies
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The asynchronous transmission of messages by using computers and data-communication networks. Historically, electronic mail (or e-mail) referred to any of a number of technologies that allowed people to send documents to one another through electronic means. It was frequently used to describe both wirephoto [the precursor of the facsimile (fax) machine] and telegraphy. Subsequently, usage of the term focused upon the narrower sense given above. See also: Facsimile; Telegraphy
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