Baird, Christopher S. Department of Chemistry and Physics, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas.
Last reviewed:May 2019
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- Fundamental electromagnetic elements
- Electric charge
- Intrinsic magnetic moment
- Electromagnetic field
- Physical laws of electromagnetism
- Behavior of the electromagnetic field
- The electromagnetic force
- Quantum properties
- Material effects
- History and applications
- Additional Readings
The interaction among all electrically charged objects, objects with magnetic moments, and the electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic interaction is one of the four fundamental interactions of the universe. This interaction encompasses all physical phenomena related to electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic fields, light, and atoms (Fig. 1). As such, electromagnetism forms the fundamental basis for a wide variety of sciences, including solid-state physics, optics, chemistry, and molecular biology. All electromagnetic effects arise from the interaction of electrically charged particles, particles with an intrinsic magnetic moment, and the electromagnetic field. See also: Chemistry; Electric charge; Electric field; Electricity; Electromagnetic radiation; Fundamental interactions; Light; Magnetism; Molecular biology; Optics; Photon; Solid-state physics; Standard model
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