Fry, Albert J. Department of Chemistry, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut.
Last reviewed:September 2019
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- Electrolytic processes
- Galvanic cells
- Electroanalytical chemistry
- Electrode kinetics
- Miscellaneous phenomena
- Organic electrochemistry
- Types of processes
- Electrode materials
- Reaction mechanisms
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The science dealing with the chemical changes accompanying the passage of an electric current, or the reverse process in which a chemical reaction is used as the source of energy to produce an electric current, as in a battery or fuel cell. Electric conduction occurs through the motion of charged particles. The charged particles may be electrons (as in metals or semiconductors) or ions, which are electrically charged atoms, molecules, or molecular aggregates. Ionic conduction in electrolytes (liquid solutions, molten salts, and certain ionically conductive solids) is a phase of electrochemistry, as is corrosion. Conduction in metals, semiconductors, and gases is generally considered a portion of physics. See also: Electrolytic conductance
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