Kreutel, Randall W. Atlanta Instrumentation Division, Atlanta, Georgia.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Mathematical analysis
- Noise figure and noise temperature
- Thermal noise
- Shot noise
- Noise in optical detectors
- Noise measurement
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Interfering and unwanted currents or voltages in an electrical device or system. Electrical noise, or simply noise, has a significant effect on the design and operation of almost all electrical and optical systems which are used to communicate or process information. Noise is responsible for the familiar static observed on home radio receivers, the clicking sounds on frequency-modulation (FM) radios operating in fringe (near-threshold) areas, and the “snow”-type granularity on the viewing screen of a television receiver displaying a weak signal. In general, noise provides the fundamental limitation to the range over which radio or optical signals can be transmitted and received with integrity. Noise is, therefore, of great importance to the engineers who design and operate such systems.
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