Melnick, Joseph L. Department of Virology and Epidemiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:April 2020
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A member type belonging to the genus Enterovirus in the Picornaviridae viral family. The name echovirus is derived from the term enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus. Dozens of echovirus antigenic types exist. Only certain types have been associated with human illnesses, particularly aseptic meningitis and febrile disease, with or without skin rash. Some echovirus types also cause gastrointestinal infections, especially in children. In general, the epidemiology of echoviruses is similar to that of other enteroviruses. See also: Enterovirus; Picornaviridae; Virus; Virus classification
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