Sanchez, Anthony Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Last reviewed:April 2019
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- Infectious agent
- Disease onset and symptoms
- West African outbreak in 2014–2016
- Control and prevention
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Any of a group of exotic viral agents that cause a severe hemorrhagic fever disease in humans and other primates. The six known subtypes or species of Ebola viruses are Zaire, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Taï Forest or Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Reston, and Bombali, named for the geographic locations where these viruses were first determined to cause outbreaks of disease. Ebola viruses (Fig. 1) are very closely related to (but distinct from) Marburg viruses. Collectively, these pathogenic agents make up a family of viruses known as the Filoviridae. See also: Africa; Exotic viral diseases; Medicine; Pathogen; Virus; Virus classification
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