Scawthorn, Charles SPA Risk LLC, Oakland, California.
Last reviewed:April 2019
Show previous versions
- Performance-based design
- Structural analysis and design
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The application of the natural and social sciences for the reduction of risk resulting from the effects of earthquakes. Although earthquake shaking and building collapse are the primary causes of loss of life and property earthquake loss can also be caused by other effects such as ground failure (e.g., liquefaction, landsliding), tsunami, fire and hazardous materials release, and is also caused by business and social disruption, equipment and content damage, and lifeline damage (Fig. 1). Lifelines are urban services, such as water, power, gas, communications, and transportation, without which an urban region cannot function. Occasionally, effects other than shaking, such as widespread ground failure, tsunami, fire following an earthquake, landslides, or release of hazardous materials, may be the dominant agents of damage in a particular earthquake. See also: Earthquake
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information