Popper, Arthur N. Department of Zoology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.
Webster, Douglas B. Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Biocommunication, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Ear structure
- Sensory hair cells
- Regeneration of sensory hair cells
- Adaptations for aerial habitat
- Birds and reptiles
- Middle ear
- Inner ear
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The organ which sends information about sound to the brain, constituting the sense of hearing, as well as vestibular information about the orientation of the head in space. The vertebrate ear is generally divided into three regions that have discrete functions: The inner ear is found in all vertebrates, and it subsumes both hearing and balance (functions). The external ear and the middle ear, not found in all vertebrates, enhance hearing. See also: Hearing (vertebrate)
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