Holton, James R. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
- Conservation laws in isobaric coordinates
- Balanced flow
- Vorticity and potential vorticity
- Planetary boundary layer
- Atmospheric waves
- Baroclinic instability
- Mesoscale convective systems
- Numerical weather prediction
- Global climate modeling
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The study of those motions of the atmosphere that are associated with weather and climate. Atmospheric motions span an enormous range of spatial and temporal scales; dynamic meteorology concentrates mainly on large-scale and mesoscale motions. Large-scale motions are those with horizontal scales in excess of a few hundred kilometers and time scales longer than a day. Such motions are strongly influenced by the rotation of the Earth and by the vertical thermal stratification of the atmosphere. Mesoscale motions have horizontal scales in the range of a few kilometers to a few hundred kilometers; they are often associated with convective clouds and precipitation.
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