Kirby, Seth Dixon Spice Farms, Dixon, California.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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An annual culinary herb, genus Anethum, of the carrot family, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). Dill supplies four products: dill seed oil, dill leaf oil, dill seed, and dill leaf. Although all dill grown in the United States is one species, Anethum graveolens, a slightly different species, Anethum sowa, is grown in Asia. In the United States, two cultivars are grown: Mammoth and Bouquet. Bouquet is a tetraploid cultivar that was developed by treating Mammoth seed with colchicine and then selecting for a shorter (0.6–1.5 m or 2–5 ft) and more compact growth habit. Mammoth is a taller, more robust plant that reaches 1.2–2.4 m (4–8 ft) in height. Other varieties exist, such as those developed in India and Russia, but they are not extensively grown in the United States. Dill can be grown in most soil types in all areas of the United States, but most production is centered in Oregon, Washington, Florida, and California. See also: Apiales
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