Hayes, John P. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Tokuta, Alade O. Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, North Carolina Central University, Durham, North Carolina.
Last reviewed:June 2018
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- Digital system basics
- Binary codes
- Logic components
- System organization
- Central processing unit
- Instruction and data formats
- Instruction types
- Internal organization
- Computer spectrum
- Performance measures
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An electronic computing machine that uses the binary digits (bits) 0 and 1 to represent all forms of information. The term digital computer—or simply, computer—embraces calculators, control computers (controllers) for applications such as domestic appliances and industrial processes, tablet computers and e-readers, personal computers, network servers, and supercomputers (Fig. 1). See also: Calculators; Computer; Digital control; Microcomputer; Programmable controllers; Supercomputer
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