McCabe, Allyssa Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:March 2019
Show previous versions
- Emotional development (attachment theory)
- Psychosocial development
- Intellectual and cognitive development
- Moral development
- Developmental psychopathology
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The study of age-related changes in behavior from birth to death. Developmental psychology is an important branch of psychological analysis that investigates the development and changes of behavior over an individual's lifetime (Fig. 1). In general, developmental psychologists attempt to determine the causes of these behavioral changes. Most research has concentrated on the development of children, but there is increasing interest in the elderly and to a lesser extent in other age groups. Also, most research has focused on changes in behavior at certain ages, but there also has been work on individual differences that are constant across all ages. For example, 4-year-olds resemble each other and differ from 7-year-olds in their understanding of the world, but some individuals are more intelligent than their peers at all ages. Similarly, 1-year-olds differ from 3-year-olds in their response to strangers, but some individuals are more shy of strangers than others, regardless of age. Finally, although most developmental research examines humans, there has been some work on primates and other species that would be considered unethical with human beings. Thus, the sensory deprivation of kittens and the separation of young monkeys from their mothers have provided information about abnormal perceptual and emotional development, respectively. See also: Developmental biology; Emotion; Intelligence; Perception; Psychology
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information