Little, Elbert L., Jr. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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The division of forestry concerned with taxonomy of trees and other woody plants. The term dendrology is derived from the Ancient Greek: dendron (= tree) and -logia (= study of or science of); the term xylology is used occasionally to denote the science and study of woody plants. Dendrology, called forest botany in some countries, usually is limited to taxonomy of trees but may also include shrubs and woody vines. This basic subject in the training of foresters teaches how trees are named (nomenclature), described (morphology), and grouped (classification); how to find the name of an unknown tree and recognize important forest species (identification); and where trees occur both by geographic ranges of species and by forest types (distribution).
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