DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Rubin, Charles M. Department of Geological Sciences, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington.
- Earthquake and rupture pattern
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Strike-slip faults are vertical fractures of the Earth's crust parallel to the relative motion (usually horizontal) between two crustal blocks. Rupture of such faults occurs when accumulated shear stresses due to frictional resistance between the sliding blocks is relieved by sudden lateral shifting (slipping) of the blocks. The rupture of the Denali fault in Alaska during the moment magnitude (M W) 7.9 earthquake of November 3, 2002, ranks among the largest strike-slip ruptures of the past two centuries. Its rupture length and slip magnitude are comparable with those of the great California earthquakes of 1906 and 1857. Because surface ruptures accompanying large-magnitude earthquakes on strike-slip faults are rare, detailed observations of these phenomena have been scarce. The Denali rupture may provide the best modern analog for large events on the San Andreas Fault in California.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information