Keenan, Rodney School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.
Last reviewed:March 2019
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- Deforestation, published February 2017:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Deforestation: a global concern, published February 2015:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Deforestation and human development
- Effects of deforestation
- Causes of deforestation
- Measurement of deforestation
- Strategies to halt deforestation
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The deliberate conversion of forest to nonforest land that results in the long-term reduction of tree canopy below a minimum level. Deforestation, also known as land clearing, permanently eliminates forests to utilize the land for other purposes (Fig. 1). Typically, forests are cleared to expand agricultural farming, ranching, logging, and other land development operations. Although the global rate of forest loss has declined, the degree of deforestation is proceeding at a rapid pace in some regions, with attendant harm to the quality of the land and to the Earth's environmental health. See also: Agriculture; Forest; Forestry; Land-use planning; Logging; Tree
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