Goodall, McChesney University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.
Last reviewed:September 2021
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A medical disorder in humans that results from a sudden reduction in atmospheric pressure. Decompression illness—also called decompression sickness, dysbarism, caisson disease, the bends, and compressed-air illness—is a physiological condition resulting from the development of nitrogen gas bubbles in the body during a rapid switch from a high-pressure environment to one of lower pressure. Decompression illness is most commonly seen in two groups of subjects: those who rapidly ascend in nonpressurized airplanes to altitudes in excess of 5500 m (18,000 ft); and divers, scuba divers (see illustration), sandhogs (construction or excavation laborers who engage in underwater or underground work), and professional workers in hyperbaric chambers who work under increased ambient pressures and are decompressed. See also: Aerospace medicine; Biophysics; Diving; Hyperbaric oxygen chamber; Nitrogen; Pressure
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information