DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P. Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
- Call for new studies
- Pandemonium effect
- Studies with TAS devices
- MTAS measurements
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Nuclear reactors produce energy from the irradiation of nuclear fuel by neutrons. Most of the energy comes from splitting of heavy atoms present in nuclear fuel (for example, uranium or plutonium isotopes) into two lighter fragments. This fission process occurs when a heavy isotope like uranium-235 (235U) or plutonium-239 (239Pu) captures a neutron and then splits apart. Additional neutrons are created during the fission process and the kinetic energies from the fission fragments heat the bulk of the nuclear fuel. This heat can be converted into electricity through a cooling process based, for example, on circulating water used to produce steam to drive a turbine generator. A significant consideration is that energy generation in a nuclear power plant does not trigger carbon dioxide (CO2) release into the Earth's atmosphere, which is one of the main concerns during the operation of conventional coal-burning power stations.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information