McKinney, Frank K. Department of Geology, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.
- Life cycle
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A paraphyletic order of Bryozoa in the class Gymnolaemata. Ctenostomes have entirely cuticular body walls, and colonies consist of feeding zooids (individual bryozoans) only or of feeding zooids plus spine- or stolon-shaped zooids. See also: Bryozoa; Gymnolaemata
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