Sprague, G. F. Department of Agronomy, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
Duncan, William G. Department of Agronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
Kommedahl, Thor Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
BeMiller, James N. Whistler Center for Carbohydrate Research, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Last reviewed:May 2019
Show previous versions
- Origin and description
- Varieties and types
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Zea mays, also known as maize, a grain crop grown for its edible seeds (kernels). Corn (Zea mays) [Fig. 1] is an important cereal grass plant belonging to the order Poales (formerly Cyperales). The top corn-producing countries are the United States, China, Brazil, Argentina, and Ukraine. In the United States, which grows almost 40% of the world's production, corn occupies a larger area than any other cereal grain crop. Production is widely distributed throughout the United States, but it reaches its greatest concentration in Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota, Indiana, and South Dakota. This area, called the Corn Belt, is characterized by moderately high temperature, fertile, well-drained soils, and normally adequate rainfall. Although corn is grown in the United States primarily for livestock feed, about 10% is used for the manufacture of starch, sugar, corn meal, breakfast cereals, oil, alcohol, and several other specialized products. See also: Cereal; Cyperales; Farm crops; Grain crops; Grass crops; Horticultural crops; Poales
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information