Bridgeman, Bruce Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, California.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Psychology and consciousness
- Memory and anesthesia
- Neural view
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The state of being aware of one's own existence, of one's mental states, and of the impressions made upon one's senses. Consciousness is central to human existence, yet it has proved difficult to define and characterize. Typically, consciousness (see illustration) can be defined as the awareness of the various sensations, thoughts, and feelings that an individual experiences at a particular moment. A useful criterion in humans is as follows: if one can communicate with others about an event or a perception, it is conscious; otherwise, it is not. In addition, the terminology can refer to waking consciousness or altered states of consciousness. See also: Cognition; Perception; Sensation
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information