Computer peripheral device
Lane, Malcolm G. Department of Computer Science, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.
Shannon, L. R. The New York Times, New York, New York.
Last reviewed:February 2021
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- Pointing stick
- Light pen
- Graphic tablet
- Disk drive
- USB drive
- Optical drives
- CD-ROM drive
- DVD drive
- Tape drives
- Bar-code reader
- RFID reader
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Any device connected internally or externally to a computer and used in the transfer of data to or from a computer. A personal computer (PC) processes information. Data (unprocessed information) must get into the computer, and the processed information must get out. Information is entered and displayed on a wide variety of accessory devices called peripherals, which are also known as input/output (I/O) devices. Some peripherals (such as keyboards; Fig. 1) are only input devices, others (such as most printers) are only output devices, and some are both. Peripherals may be located inside or outside a computer's case (called an internal or external device, respectively). The I/O bus is the collection of circuits where an internal device is attached. An I/O port (such as parallel or serial port) is a connector where an external device is connected (plugged in).
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