- Engineering & Materials
- Industrial and production engineering
- Computer-aided design and manufacturing
Computer-aided design and manufacturing
White, K. Preston, Jr. Department of Systems Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Richards, Larry G. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Last reviewed:September 2020
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- Computer-aided design and manufacturing, published October 2019:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Advantages of automation
- Computer-integrated manufacturing
- CAD technology
- Analysis programs
- CAM and numerically controlled machines
- Machining centers and cells
- Automated part programming
- Rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing
- Automated materials handling
- Flexible manufacturing systems
- Globally distributed manufacturing
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The application of digital computers in engineering design and production. Computer-aided design (CAD) refers to the use of computers in converting the initial idea for a product into a detailed engineering design. The evolution of a design typically involves the creation of geometric models of the product, which can be manipulated, analyzed, and refined. In CAD, computer models and graphics replace the sketches and engineering drawings traditionally used to visualize products and communicate design information (Fig. 1).
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