Computational fluid dynamics
Paterson, Eric Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Stern, Fred Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Computational methods
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The numerical approximation to the solution of mathematical models of fluid flow and heat transfer. Computational fluid dynamics is one of the tools (in addition to experimental and theoretical methods) available to solve fluid-dynamic problems. With the advent of modern computers, computational fluid dynamics evolved from potential-flow and boundary-layer methods and is now used in many diverse fields, including engineering, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and geology (Fig. 1).
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