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Moore, James Alexander Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
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The major alkaloid obtained from the seed capsules, corms, and bulbs of the meadow saffron (autumn crocus; Colchicum autumnale). Colchicine is a fairly abundant alkaloid in the dried corms (fleshy underground stems) [0.3–0.8%] and seeds (0.6–0.9%) of the meadow saffron (autumn crocus; Colchicum autumnale) [Fig. 1]. It also has been isolated from other species of Colchicum and a few related genera, but these other plants are not important sources of the alkaloid. See also: Alkaloid; Liliales
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