Davis, Richard A., Jr. Department of Geology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Leading-edge coasts
- Trailing-edge coasts
- Marginal sea coasts
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Characteristic features and morphology of the land in the coastal zone. Coastal landforms are subject to processes of erosion and deposition as produced by winds, waves, tides, and river discharge. The interactions of these processes and the coastal environments produce a wide variety of landforms. Processes directed seaward from the land are dominated by the transport of sediment by rivers, but also include gravity processes such as landslides, rockfalls, and slumping. The dominant processes on the seaward side are wind, waves, and wave-generated currents. Mixed among these locations are tidal currents which also carry large volumes of sediment.
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