Epperly, W. R. Exxon Research and Engineering, Annandale, New Jersey.
Last reviewed:August 2019
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- Industrial uses
- Gasification processes
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The conversion of coal or coal char to gaseous products by reaction with steam, oxygen, air, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, or a mixture of these. Products consist of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, methane, and some other gases in proportions dependent upon the specific reactants and conditions (temperatures and pressures) employed within the reactors, and the treatment steps which the gases undergo subsequent to leaving the gasifier (Fig. 1). Similar chemistry can also be applied to the gasification of coke derived from petroleum and other sources. The reaction of coal or coal char with air or oxygen to produce heat and carbon dioxide could be called gasification, but it is more properly classified as combustion. The principal purposes of such conversion are the production of synthetic natural gas as a substitute gaseous fuel and synthesis gases for production of chemicals and plastics. See also: Coal; Combustion
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