Letts, Matthew G. Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Cloud-forest types
- Flora and fauna
- Cloud-forest climate
- Extreme events
- Air temperature
- Importance of cloud forests
- Biodiversity and endemism
- Provision of clean drinking water
- Threats to cloud forests
- Land-use change
- Climate change
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Biodiverse ecosystem characterized by frequent to persistent clouds at the vegetation level. Relative to lowland tropical rainforests, cloud forests are shorter in stature and exhibit a denser understory (see illustration). Located in tropical and subtropical regions, cloud forests are typically found at elevations between about 1500 and 2500 m (5000 and 8000 ft). However, elevations range from as low as 500 m (1640 ft) on small tropical islands with steeply sloping hillsides to as high as 3500 m (11,500 ft) in large inland mountain systems at low latitude, such as those of the northwest Andes. This is due largely to the difference in the elevation of the persistent cloud deck. The correlation between the altitude of cloud forests and the size of the mountainous landmass is referred to as the Massenerhebung effect. See also: Cloud; Ecosystem; Forest ecosystem; Rainforest; Tropical forest
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information