Tilton, Richard C. Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
Spiegel, Carol A. Department of Pathology and Laboratory, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin.
Last reviewed:March 2021
Show previous versions
- Nonamplified hybridization
- Molecular typing
- Chip arrays/microarrays
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The adaptation of microbiological techniques to the study of the etiological agents of infectious disease. Clinical microbiology, also termed medical microbiology, is a branch of science concerned with the investigation of pathogenic microorganisms [particularly bacteria (see illustration), fungi, parasites, and viruses] capable of causing infectious diseases in humans. In general, clinical microbiologists determine the nature of infectious disease and test the ability of various antibiotics to inhibit or kill the isolated pathogenic microorganisms. In addition to bacteriology, a contemporary clinical microbiologist is also responsible for a wide range of microscopic and cultural studies in mycology, parasitology, and virology. The clinical microbiologist is often the most competent person available to determine the nature and extent of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, as well as public-health problems that affect both the hospital and the community. See also: Antibiotic; Clinical pathology; Epidemiology; Medical bacteriology; Microbiology; Nosocomial disease; Pathogen
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information