Shortman, Ken Lymphocyte Differentiation Unit, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia.
Last reviewed:May 2021
- Immune defense system
- Immunodeficiency diseases
- Autoimmune diseases
- Hypersensitivity or allergic states
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A branch of clinical pathology concerned with the role of the immune defense system in disease. The subject of clinical immunology encompasses diseases where a malfunction of the immune system itself is the basic cause, together with diseases where some external agent initiates an excessive response by the immune system that produces actual tissue damage. Clinical immunology also extends to the monitoring of the normal immune response in infectious diseases (see illustration) and to the use of immunological techniques in disease diagnosis. See also: Clinical pathology; Disease; Immunology; Infectious disease
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