Lazuruk, Kenneth Shea and Gould, New York.
Palevsky, Gerald Consulting Professional Engineer, Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.
Last reviewed:April 2019
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- Some types of civil engineering
- Photogrammetry, surveying, and mapping
- Community and urban planning
- Geotechnical engineering
- Construction engineering
- Structural engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Water resources engineering
- Waste management and risk assessment
- Transportation engineering
- Pipeline engineering
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of diverse structures built to maintain or improve the quality of life and to control the environment. Civil engineering projects can be residential, commercial, or public works; they can be buildings but also resources of infrastructure, such as water supply facilities or transportation systems for goods and people. Civil engineers include planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors: contractors, builders, educators, and researchers (see illustration). Guiding principles of sound civil engineering practice are that projects should be built economically; that they should function well for a reasonable period with a minimum of maintenance and repair while withstanding anticipated usage and weather; that they should conserve energy; that their construction should be hazard-free; and that in keeping with governmental regulations and statutes, they should provide healthful, safe, and environmentally sound use by society.
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