Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Manian, Prasad Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:September 2021
- Causes of COPD
- Characteristics of COPD
- Symptoms of COPD
- Diagnosis of COPD
- Treatment of COPD
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A lung condition that is characterized by limitation of airflow from the lungs and manifests with shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of disease and death. COPD is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. In the United States alone, COPD was responsible for an estimated 157,000 deaths in 2019. Both emphysema and obstructive chronic bronchitis belong to the group of illnesses collectively known as COPD (Fig. 1). See also: Emphysema; Lung; Respiratory system; Respiratory system disorders
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