Bailar, John C., Jr. Formerly, School of Chemical Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
- Additional Readings
A chemical element, Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 51.996, which is the weighted average for several isotopes weighing 50 (4.31%), 52 (83.76%), 53 (9.55%), and 54 (2.38%). The orbital arrangement of the electrons is 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 3d5, 4s1. The stability of the half-filled d shell doubtless accounts for this rather unusual arrangement. In the crust of the Earth, chromium is the twenty-first element in abundance, which ranks it along with vanadium, zinc, nickel, and copper. Traces of chromium are present in the human body; in fact, it is essential to life. See also: Periodic table
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