Govindjee Department of Plant Biology, Department of Biochemistry, and Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
Porra, Robert J. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, Australia.
Papageorgiou, George Department of Botany, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
Last reviewed:June 2019
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- Occurrence and distribution of major chlorophylls
- Chlorophylls a and b
- Chlorophyll c
- Chlorophyll d
- Chemical structure
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The generic name for any of the intensely green, blue, or purple pigments found in higher plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria that are an integral part of photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is the name given to any member of a group of important pigments that serve as photoreceptors and transducers of light energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis. In terms of chemical structure, chlorophyll pigments are tetrapyrroles (in which four pyrrole rings are joined; note that a pyrrole is one of a group of organic compounds containing a doubly unsaturated five-membered ring in which nitrogen occupies one of the ring positions) [Fig. 1]. See also: Algae; Bacteria; Chlorophycota; Cyanobacteria; Light; Photoreception; Photosynthesis; Plant; Plant anatomy; Plant physiology; Plant pigment; Pyrrole
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