Kaffka, Stephen R. Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, California.
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A perennial herb, Cichorium intybus, with a long taproot; a coarse, branching stem; and a basal rosette of numerous leaves. Chicory (see illustration) is a member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family with a history of cultivation dating back to dynastic Egypt. It occurs as a weed worldwide in a diverse range of environments, and annual, biennial, and perennial growth habits can be found. In particular, two forms of chicory are cultivated: Cichorium intybus var. foliosum is an annual form used as a vegetable or salad plant (endive and radicchio), whereas Cichorium intybus var. sativum (the agronomic or industrial form of the genus) has a number of uses, including leaf production for forage and root production for use as a coffee substitute (in addition, the roasted root is often used as an adulterant of coffee). More recently, chicory has become important in the production of fructo-sugars and dietary fibers as a result of the high amount of the polysaccharide inulin found in its roots. See also: Asterales; Coffee; Root (botany); Spice and flavoring; Weeds
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information