Chemical separation techniques
Morrison, George H. Analytical Facility of Materials Science Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Last reviewed:March 2019
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A method used in chemistry to purify substances or to isolate them from other substances, for either preparative or analytical purposes. In industrial applications the ultimate goal is the isolation of a product of given purity, whereas in analysis the primary goal is the determination of the amount or concentration of that substance in a sample. In principle it is always more convenient to carry out quantitative determinations directly on portions of the original sample. In cases where the analytical methods available are not sufficiently selective to permit this direct approach, it is necessary to employ preliminary separations to reduce the concentration of, or to remove completely, those substances which interfere in the final estimation. See also: Analytical chemistry; Chemical separation (chemical engineering)
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