Barkalow, David G. Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Whistler, Roy L. Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Last reviewed:May 2018
Show previous versions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A linear polymer of (1→4)-linked β-d-glucopyranosyl units, and the most abundant of all naturally occurring substances. Cellulose is the main polysaccharide in living plants, forming the skeletal structure of the plant cell wall. Cellulose constitutes approximately a third of all vegetable matter; thus, it exists in far greater quantity than any other polysaccharide. It occurs as a principal structural component of the cell walls of mosses and seaweeds (25–30%), annual plants (25–35%), and trees (40–50%). As one example, cotton fiber (Fig. 1) contains 98% cellulose, along with 1% protein, 0.65% pectic substance, and 0.15% mineral matter. Cellulose also is produced by some microorganisms; in a few cases, it reaches amounts of 20–30%. See also: Biomass; Cell walls (plant); Plant cell; Polymer; Polysaccharide
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information